Learn more about fixed income securities
What are fixed income securities?
Fixed income securities provide investors a stream of fixed or variable periodic interest payments and the eventual return of principal upon maturity. They are debt instruments issued by governments, corporations or other entities, typically to finance and/or expand their operations. Key risk considerations are issuer and interest rates risks.
Who are fixed income securities for?
Traditional fixed income securities provide consistent streams of income. They can also help diversify a portfolio as they can serve as a ballast in times of market volatility.
Why invest in fixed income securities?
Investing in fixed income securities, such as bonds, can help generate income, preserve capital and support your overall investment goals.
Why invest in fixed income securities with J.P. Morgan
- Explore the pros and cons of fixed income securities with J.P. Morgan’s expertise and investment tools.
- From treasury’s to bond-exposed ETFs, choose from a wide range of fixed income securities.
- Stay informed with our award-winning research for actionable insights into helping you choose a fixed income portfolio.
- Download the Chase Mobile® app to manage and monitor your fixed income investments on the go.
JPMorgan Chase and its affiliates do not provide tax, legal or accounting advice. This material has been prepared for informational purposes only, and is not intended to provide, and should not be relied on for, tax, legal or accounting advice. You should consult your own tax, legal and accounting advisors before engaging in any transaction.
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Frequently Asked Questions
Fixed income investing is a common way of diversifying your investment portfolio. Investing in fixed income can help offset the market volatility more typically associated with stocks.
Investing in bonds is the most typical fixed income investment. Bonds are loans made by investors to governments and corporations to help raise capital for projects and other expenditures. Investing in bonds and other fixed income securities is a common way to diversify your investment strategy.
The most common types of fixed income securities are bonds, and they come in different forms depending on the issuing entity:
- Government bonds, which include U.S. Treasury bonds and U.S. savings bonds, are backed by the federal government. While potentially vulnerable to inflation and changes in interest rates, they are generally considered low risk. They range from short-term Treasury bills (“T-bills”), which mature within one year of issue, to 30-year Treasury bonds (“T-bonds”).
- Municipal bonds are issued by local governments to raise funds for capital projects. Like government bonds, they are widely considered low-risk. Plus, interest earned from municipal bonds is generally exempt from federal tax.
- Corporate bonds are issued by companies that wish to raise money without diluting stock or relying on institutional loans. The issuing organization’s credit rating helps determine the relative risk of the bond. Corporations with excellent credit ratings offer what are known as investment-grade bonds. Businesses with lower credit ratings typically issue high-yield bonds, also known as junk bonds. High-yield bonds tend to carry more risk and consequently offer higher interest rates.
A debt instrument is an asset that organizations use to raise capital from investors. Fixed income securities are a type of debt instrument that return a fixed amount of interest to investors. The principal is returned to the investor when the instrument, typically in the form of a bond issued by a government, municipality or corporation, reaches maturity.
Bonds are also known as fixed income securities because they provide a form of fixed income to investors. This fixed income often comes in the form of regular (typically annual or semiannual) payments, sometimes known as coupon payments.
To invest in bonds, you typically need a brokerage account, though government-issued bonds can be bought directly through official websites. As with stocks, bonds can be purchased individually or you can invest in a mutual fund or ETF that is exposed to the bond market. You can invest in bonds through an advisor or online.
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