Manage Credit & Debt
What's the best way to establish and build credit?
To help readers better manage their finances, Mental Floss has teamed up with personal finance expert, Chase Slate financial education partner and award-winning podcast host Farnoosh Torabi to answer your most pressing credit- and money-related big questions. Here are some takeaways:
Why should you care about credit?
Having strong credit can make it easier to get a car loan, an apartment, a mortgage, and even some jobs. Over your lifetime, it can also help you pay lower interest rates on your home mortgage, car loans and car insurance premiums.
Consistently paying all your bills and loans in full, and on time, can contribute to building a solid credit score. But establishing credit isn't always a straightforward process. Whether you're a young adult, a newcomer to the United States, finding financial independence post-divorce or a parent who wants to help your kids, here are some helpful ways to establish and build credit.
Open a bank account
Torabi says you should consider opening a checking and savings account at a bank, if you haven't already done so. Although checking and savings accounts don't factor into your credit score, lenders can review your accounts to see how fiscally responsible you are. Paying utility bills and rent fully, and on time, each month could be a way to show potential lenders that you're responsible, depending on which credit bureau they access for information.
Generally, only specialty agencies and bureaus keep tabs on your utility payment history. This also applies only if the utilities are in your name and your landlord reports your rent payment history to any of the three major credit reporting agencies.
Apply for a credit card
If you don't have a credit card, consider opening one and start using it wisely. And if you don't have enough credit history to get a regular (unsecured) credit card, consider a secured credit card, which is tied to your bank account. After you make an initial cash deposit, which serves as your credit limit, you can charge your card up to the amount of your deposit. Torabi says, "Not all secured cards are created equally, so ask about fees and how the card activity gets reported before opening one up at a local bank."
To make sure that using the card will potentially help your credit score, choose a credit card company that reports activity to the credit reporting agencies. Student credit cards and store-specific credit cards can also help you build credit and be easier to get than regular cards.
Pay in full, and on time
Credit card accounts weigh more heavily on your credit score than loans, but what matters more than your mix of credit cards and loans is that you manage all your debts—credit cards, loans, and mortgages—responsibly. According to Torabi, establishing a credit score and credit history requires that you have an account open for at least six months, so be patient and diligent about practicing healthy credit habits as early as possible.
If you're a parent, Torabi says it's never too early to start modeling positive credit behavior for your children—and having conversations about personal finances and credit. By making your teenager an authorized user on your credit card account, you can help them establish their own positive credit history. Just keep in mind that you must consistently pay your credit card bill in full and on time, or you'll harm your child's credit report, as well as your own. Alternatively, you can co-sign a credit card with your under-21-year-old child. "However, it's important to know that if your child doesn't pay his or her bills on time, you're held liable for the amount owed," Torabi cautions.
Building a solid credit history is essential to your financial well-being. Chase Slate offers a variety of tools to help you monitor your credit health. Chase Slate cardholders have access to a custom Credit Dashboard that provides a comprehensive view of their credit health, including their monthly FICO® Score for free along with the reasons behind the score, the top positive and negative factors impacting it and tailored tips for improving credit health overtime. Visit Chase Slate to learn more about this resource and other ways of managing your credit.
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Farnoosh Torabi is an award-winning journalist, author, television personality and personal finance expert who works with Chase Slate to provide financial education.